Diabetes Information: More than 11 million Canadians are living with diabetes or prediabetes. Every day, more Canadians are diagnosed. Chances are that diabetes affects you or someone close to you.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes can strike anybody, from any walk of life. Furthermore, it strikes in numbers that are drastically expanding. Around the world, it distresses more than 380 million individuals. What’s more, the World Health Organization appraises that by 2030, that number of individuals living with diabetes will dramatically increase.
Today, diabetes takes a much greater number of lives than AIDS. 1 out of every 3 Canadians are affected by Diabetes. This epidemic is killing Canadians like clockwork. It is a main source of visual deficiency, kidney damage, Amputations, heart conditions, and stroke.
Exactly what is diabetes? To answer that, you initially need to comprehend the part of insulin in your body. When you eat, your body transforms nourishment into sugars, or glucose. By then, your pancreas should discharge insulin. Insulin fills in as a “key” to open your cells, to permit the glucose to enter – and permit you to utilize the glucose for vitality. Be that as it may, with diabetes, this framework does not work.
A few noteworthy things can turn out badly – bringing about the onset of diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are the most widely recognized types of the sickness.
What is the pancreas and what does it do?
The pancreas is an organ that sits behind the stomach and releases hormones into the digestive system. In the healthy body, when blood sugar levels get too high, special cells in the pancreas (called beta cells) release insulin. Insulin is a hormone and it causes cells to take in sugar to use as energy or to store as fat. This causes blood sugar levels to go back down.
What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and kills the beta cells of the pancreas. None, or very little, insulin is released into the body. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy. About five to 10 per cent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence, but can develop in adulthood.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can’t properly use the insulin that is released (called insulin insensitivity) or does not make enough insulin. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as energy. About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes more often develops in adults, but children can be affected.
What is gestational diabetes?
A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It
affects approximately two to four per cent of all pregnancies (in the non-Aboriginal population) and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.
What are the complications of diabetes?
Having high blood sugar can cause diabetes-related complications, like chronic kidney disease, foot problems, non-traumatic lower limb (leg, foot, toe, etc.) amputation, eye disease that can lead to blindness, heart attack, stroke, anxiety, nerve damage, and erectile dysfunction (men). Diabetes-related complications can be very serious and even life-threatening. Properly managing blood sugar levels reduces the risk of developing these complications.